The piping system is the backbone of any industrial unit. Rather it is for liquid, gas or waste management. But no industrial complex is complete without piping systems. But designing piping systems tedious technical job and anyone who is designing these systems needs to consider all the activities going around in the industrial unit. Some fundamentals are very important to know before and during the designing of industrial piping systems. They are as follows;

Fluid Mechanics

Whenever choosing the material for the piping system, designers have to keep in mind that what gas or liquid will be flowing through these industrial pipes. As every liquid or gas have different characteristics like density, viscosity, temperature, and pressure, etc. Not every material is also compatible with all the liquid or gases. SO the most critical and defining part of designing an industrial piping system is knowing the fluid mechanics and choosing the material accordingly.

Pressure Loss

Every liquid and gas have numerous characteristic under different temperature and pressures. So the designer must know the behaviors of piping material and the liquid/gas when the temperature or pressure changes during the process. This can affect the integrity of whole piping systems and can cause a major accident.    

Design:

The layout of the piping system is the core functionality of the piping system. The piping system must be designed in a way that shouldn’t be affecting operations of company and security parameters should also be met. Designing layout has a direct impact on cost, because the longer the piping system, the higher will be the cost. All the inlets and outlets for fluid must be considered in the design and should be placed as per other machinery, which will be connected to this piping system. Designing can also add a demand for an increase in the civil work of the existing unit to support the structure of the new piping system. In case if the old piping system is also in the user and the new system needs to be connected with old. Then design reengineering is required for both new and old piping systems

Flanges, Fittings, Valves

After completing the design of piping systems. Bill order quantity of the parts of pipes required to construct new piping systems is a crucial job. In these types of pipes, valves, fittings, and flanges will be decided that will be sued in the whole structure.  It is highly unlikely that one piping system will be made with the same size of parts. Each unit of the piping system will require distinctive parts as per its location and application. These parts are important for the flow of fluid in the system and they help to define the direction to fluids. So experts are also hired to perform this job and share the specifications of parts required as per their function. Check this webpage to find out more details.